Pushing Through: Challenges of fishermen and baymen during a brutal winter

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While Parker’s Garage may be closed until spring, life doesn’t stop around the Long Beach Island Region.  The Old Causeway Steak & Oyster House is open and working with our same purveyors to get fresh seafood even through the worst of this Arctic winter. The temperatures  haven’t just been cold; they’ve been brutal. The Barnegat Bay has been frozen for weeks.

Baymen are enduring a rough one. Photo: Courtesy Barnegat Oyster Collective.

“Life gets real difficult around here in this type of weather,” says Dale Parsons, fifth generation commercial bayman of Parson’s Seafood, right across the bay in Tuckerton. He’s not kidding. Life is always challenging for our fishermen and shellfish harvesters, but winter can be really tough and a winter like this is nothing short of brutal.

On a recent Saturday, Long Beach Island was literally two degrees, still feeling a whipping northwest wind.

“We literally have to get in a boat and go break up the ice,” says Ernie Panacek, who has been working at Barnegat Light’s Viking Village since 1980 and managing the operation for the last 29 years, “They want to go fish. When we’re shut down for weather, we’re going backwards. You don’t ever catch what you lost when you’re in for weather. We take advantage of the short periods of time that the boats can fish.”

The oyster lease, well frozen in. Photo: Barnegat Oyster Collective.

While most folks were seeking refuge of a warm fire, Kevin Wark, captain and owner of the Dana Christine, of Barnegat Light, was doing his best to clear the snow and ice off his boat following the blizzard. It was time to fish again.

“We’re monkfishing and we catch some winter skates. Sometimes you just have to deal with that screaming wind,” says Wark, “Those first couple waves where you get splashed are the worst. Once you get numb, then you just kind of keep going. Sometimes the whole windshield ices over.”

In icy weather like this, captains will run a deck hose all day, flushing fresh seawater across the deck to prevent dangerous ice from forming where they’re working.

Captain Keven Work of the Dana Christine. Photo: Melega.

“It’s mostly day trips. Sometimes we have to leave extremely early. Whenever we get that window, we gotta go,” he explains.

Down in Tuckerton, Parsons, who sells shellfish 52 weeks of the year, wholesale and retail, was warming up after a frozen day on the water.  He’d just been out harvesting what he could from Tuckerton Cove.


“We took a ride out to the areas just outside of where our leases are. We probably could have chipped out a channel, but sometimes when the tide changes, it’s tricky. And you can’t get stuck in there,” explains Parsons.

Dale Parsons, charging through the ice. Photo: Courtesy Parsons.

But while his cultivated clams may be inaccessible right now, Parson is able to harvest wild clams to provide for his customers.

“When it gets this cold the clams stop moving around. As the bay surface freezes, it makes the water underneath move at a higher velocity, which washes the sand from on top of the clams. When those clams become exposed, we call them ‘cut outs.’ We get out of the boat and pick them up.”

When his farmed clams are inaccessible, his customers are very happy to buy wild product.

“We get everything wild from little necks to the biggest coconut chowder clams you can imagine. There’s a market for every size of clam.”

As he points out, everything is subject to the weather.

“We have some pretty fancy wetsuits that we buy from Brian over at Farias,” he explained.

“The ice out there is constantly moving. You might chip through it, but with the tide reversal, you might not get back. When we have gusts out of the northeast and northwest, that’s actually not bad for us. We get a soup of ice, rather than a sheet of ice,” he adds.

It’s work just to get to the oysters this winter. Photo: Courtesy Barnegat Oyster Collective.

Oystering has been rough, especially as they don’t grow wild these days.

“Although we had spent a lot time planning and preparing our farms for a drastic winter, none of us were mentally prepared for such arctic conditions. Once the freeze had really set in, all of our farm sites, from Little Egg to Mantoloking and even Barnegat Light were completely inaccessible,” say Matt Greg of Barnegat Oyster Collective.

It’s work just to get to the oysters this winter. Photo: Courtesy Barnegat Oyster Collective.

The only way they could check on the oysters was aerial shots from over the bay.

“We were forced to watch the ice encroach on our livelihood via drone footage. As the thaw set in, we began to pick up the pieces – shoveling out boats, clearing boat ramps, cutting channels through the frozen harbors, and finally, breaking over 20 acres of iced-in farming gear with axes.”

It’s work just to get to the oysters this winter. Photo: Courtesy Barnegat Oyster Collective.

The sites that are adjacent to more freshwater have been more frozen than those in the saltier parts of the bay.

Although we haven’t been able to access all our sites yet, the damage thus far has been minimal and we only suffered a few weeks of no harvest/sales. We learned a few lessons,” admits Gregg.

Clams and oysters are always a staple from the raw bar to chowder. We do monkfish specials at several of our restaurants. Monkfish generally hide on the bottom, disguising themselves from prey, swallowing it whole. They’re able to extend their stomachs to ingest fish almost as big as they are. And they’re really cute….

Solid sized monkfish. Photo: Work.

Wark describes monkfish is a dense white fish.

“It’s good skewered. It’s incredible to grill. It’s definitely different. I don’t think anything really compares to it because of the grain and density of the fish. That’s why people call it poor man’s lobster. Most of the it gets packaged, boxed and sent to Asia, but we do have a tail market that’s local.”

Fishing and harvesting don’t slow down, because they can’t – even in the most bitter weather.

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